10 Facts about Egypt
Egypt is located in North Africa. It occupies a large area, so it has more than one climate. Egypt is a developing country. The government of Egypt is not stable, and there have been many protests and conflicts because the people are dissatisfied with the social and economic situation of the country, which includes: poverty, unemployment high prices for food and other goods and services.
- Egypt is one of the oldest cultures in the world. The Egyptian culture is almost four thousand years old. Egypt was the first civilization in the world, and it created human civilization. And it is known as a civilized country. It has been able to create ideas and invent many machines, make every house safe, getting information from space and using mathematics to predict future events such as Nile floods and crop yield. And it is also known as a mysterious country.
- Egyptians worship many gods and goddesses. Egyptians believe that their gods help them and protect them and give them strength. Egyptians worship animals, too – especially lions, falcons, and cats. Most Egyptian people are Muslim today, but some are Christians or Jews. Ancient Egyptian religion involves many gods who must be worshipped with special ceremonies.
- Egyptian Ramadan is the longest in the World. The Egyptian fasting month of Ramadan takes place at different times every year depending on the phases of the moon; it can last as few as 27 days and as many as 30 days. Other Muslim countries follow a lunar calendar, but their months are not as long, leading to a shorter fasting period.
- The most popular Egyptian food is bread. The most popular Egyptian food is bread. This type of bread is made of wheat flour, water and salt. In local restaurants, there are many different kinds of breads and other foods cooked in olive oil that are served in large quantities. Egyptians eat many different types of yummy pastries, fish cakes and pita bread.
- Egyptian music is very popular. Egyptian music is played on the violin and most people also listen to it on modern instruments. People like to listen to the songs of famous singers such as Umm Kulthum, Muhammad Abd El-Wahab and Farid Al-Atrash. Egyptian singers have performed in many countries across the world and have gained many awards at the world festivals of singing. In Egypt, the most important musical instrument is the oud (or ud), a stringed musical instrument that dates back thousands of years.
- Oldest Egyptian literature is written in hieroglyphs. The oldest Egyptian literature is written in hieroglyphs. The ancient Egyptian language has not been used since the New Kingdom (about 3,500 years ago). Now most Egyptians speak Arabic, which is the official language of the country. The Egyptian population is 98% Muslim and 2% Christian. The Muslims are divided between Sunnis, who make up about 8 million people, and Shias, who make up about 2 million people. Egypt was occupied by Italy from 1911 to 1952 and again from 1967 to 1973.
- The River Nile flows through the city of Cairo into the Mediterranean Sea at Alexandria. The Nile river rises in the highlands of Ethiopia and flows through Africa to Egypt. The length of the Nile River is about 4,900 km (3,000 mi). The source of the Nile is Lake Tana in Ethiopia, and it flows into Sudan. It then turns to the north, flowing through Egypt until it reaches a place called Aswan. Here it is joined by another river called the Gezira.
- Egypt has several desert areas. The largest desert is the Sahara. This is a region of sand and rocky gravel which covers about one-third of Africa, including parts of Algeria, Chad, Niger, Mali and Sudan. There are also many smaller deserts in Egypt such as the Eastern Desert or the Western Desert (Wadi el-Natroun). The Great Sand Sea (Alish El-Shaggar) covers part of the Western Desert (Wadi El-Natroun).
- Egyptian mummies are famous. Egyptian mummies are bodies that were preserved from decay with natural or artificial materials. Egyptian people took care of their dead, giving them special ceremonies for as long as possible after death. They did this because they believed in life after death and hoped to have a good start in the next life by treating their dead relatives well. Mummy is called "Wahib Rais" which means "Companion".
- Egypt has many islands. There are more than 600 small islands in the east coast of Egypt. The islands keep growing because they are covered with sand and mud which makes them look like hills; this process is called accretion.